Spoken Written SPANISH A Course for Beginners BY SAMUEL A. WOFSY University
of California., Santa Barbara College 1948 THE MACMILLAN COMPANY NEW YORK
Preface Spoken and Written Spanish contains a total active vocabulary of 668
words. All but 9 of the first 500 words in the Buchanan list are included
117 words are taken from, the next 400 words in the same list the Kenniston
list and common sense justify the inclusion of the remaining 60. The
reduction of vocabulary and the essentials of grammar to their proper
minimum along with their gradual introduction and frequent repetition should
increase the ability of the student to assimi late and then retain what he
has learned. The included read ing material contributes essentially to the
all-important drill and is especially desirable because of the variety and
interest it adds to the exercises it bolsters. The explanations of Spanish
usage are brief and, excepting the most indispensable parts of speech, as
free from grammatical terminology as possible. Grateful acknowledgment
should here be made for the helpful advice and sound criticism of the
Macmillan Advisors. Thanks are also due to the following list of friends who
read one part or another of the manuscript Professor Robert G. Mood,
University of Wichita Professor Gerald E. Wade, Uni versity of Tennessee
Professor B. E. Merriam, formerly of Union College Manila, P. I. Sr. Jose
Rodriguez, Monterrey, Mexico and my colleagues, Professors Pablo Avila, Eda
Ramelli and Andr6s Rodriguez Ramdn, of the Foreign Lan vi Preface guage
Faculty of the University of California, Santa Barbara College. To Sr.
Ramon, who has been kind enough to read proof of most of my manuscript, I am
particularly indebted for many suggestions. Invaluable throughout the
composition of the text was the assistance of my wife Frances Wofsy. S. A.
W. Contents Leccion I. Vowels. Consonants. Accentuation. i Leccion II.
Consonants Conclusion. Diphthongs. Cardinal Numbers 1-19. Indefinite
Article. 6 Leccion III. Gender of Nouns. Plural of Nouns. Distributive
Plural. Additional Use of Accent Mark. 1 1 Leccion IV. Names of the Days and
Months. Capitalization. Omission of the Indefinite Article. Present
Indicative of First Conjugation Verbs. Subject Pronouns. 15 Leccion V.
Interrogative Sentences. Negative Sentences. Present Indicative of 2nd and
3rd Conjugation Verbs. Third Person Singular Preterite of - ar Verbs. 20
Leccion VI. Contraction of a el and de el Uses of the the Preposition de.
Uses of the Definite Article. Cardinal Numbers 20-99. 25 Leccion VII.
Agreement and Position of Adjectives. Possessive Adjectives. Present
Indicative of tener, venir. 31 Leccion VIII. Personal a. The infinitive
after Prepositions after certain Verbs with al. Time of Day. The Past
Participle. Present Indicative of ir, dccir, dar, vcr, salir. 37 Leccion IX.
Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns. Adverbs in - mente. Use of que and
quien. Present Indicative of ser estar. Distinction between ser and estar.
43 Leccion X. Present Participle. Use of ser and estar. 49 vii viii Contents
Leccion XL Comparison of Adjectives and Adverbs. c ln s after a Superlative.
Than 5 . Only. Present Perfect. Present Indicative of caer, saber traer,
porter, hacer. 55 Leccion XII. Distinction between hay que Infinitive and
tener que Infinitive. Radical-Changing Verbs of the First Class. Polite
Commands. Cardinal Numbers 100-1,000,000. Ordinal Numbers. Dates. 61 Leccion
XIIL Direct Object Pronouns and their Position. Imperfect Indicative of
Regular Verbs. Imperfect In dicative of ser, ir, ver. Use of the Imperfect
Indicative. 67 Leccion XIV. Idiomatic Use of tener, gustar. Indirect Object
Pronouns. Prepositional Object Pronouns. Com parison of Equality. Present
Indicative of otr, jugar - cer, - cir Verbs. 73 Leccion XV. Preterite
Indicative of Regular Verbs. Preterite of Orthographic-Changing Verbs.
Distinction be tween Preterite and Imperfect Indicative. Preterite of ser,
ir, dar. Shortened Adjectives...